What we focus on changes what we notice. Let me describe a recent example of how I've observed that principle at work.
I was facilitating a senior level discussion in a medical technology corporation, where participants were grappling with the issue of the role of Research and Development, and how to "fill the pipeline" with new products that would keep them competitive. As one top executive proposed some aggressive goals for the number of new products created and developed within the next 18 months, another equally top executive challenged: "Why set goals for R&D? What difference will it make? What will anyone do differently because some committee gave them a number like that to produce?"
It is not unusual to find many people jaded at best about the value of goal-setting, given the stress created by what are often perceived as artificial expectations decreed from on high.
There is always the dilemma of trying to set targets that are low enough to be realistic but high enough to be galvanizing, exciting, challenging (and sometimes required!).
This is a topic for endless business books and motivation pundits. I just want to highlight one perspective I've found very useful over the years. The value of goals is not in the future they describe, but the change in perception of the reality they foster.
So as I said at the top -- what we focus on changes what we notice. Our brains filter information, seeing one thing in a situation instead of something else, based on what we identify with, what we have our attention on. In one meeting, optometrists notice who's wearing eyeglasses, acoustical engineers notice the sounds, and interior designers notice the color schemes.
Similarly, if you stop for a minute and give yourself permission to imagine five years from now, if your life could be as fabulously spectacular as you could possibly imagine, what might a Sunday afternoon be like? Reading great reviews of your best-selling book? Sailing the ocean in your own boat? Feeling relaxed, inspired, and having great fun with plenty of free time to read, play with your kids, explore new hobbies....?
Now imagine how good it could be ten minutes from now . . . Likely there will be different images that you will generate or perceive.
Both are exercises in fantasy. Each will give instructions to our minds to search for information that will be relevant to the pictures. Which is better? Depends on whether you'd like to start noticing sailing magazines, ideas for a book, or creative ways to have more discretionary time. That information is all around you, all the time. But if you're not wired up to perceive it with a focus that opens you to it, you'll think it doesn't exist.
The reason for long-term goals is the permission they give us to identify with the greatest value we can, which changes our filtered perceptions. The future never shows up. (Have you noticed? -- it's always today!) But playing with it as a working blueprint can be a remarkably useful tool to see things, and how to do and have them, that you never saw before. The most innovative people and companies are the ones with the biggest goals.
The future is an illusion, but an extremely handy one.